How To Grow Potatoes In A 5 Gallon Bucket

Sharing is caring!

To discover how to grow potatoes in a 5 gallon bucket successfully, you must pay close attention to the planting process and maintenance. Starting with the right seed potatoes is essential, but the key lies in the ongoing care as your plants mature, including consistent watering and monitoring for pests or diseases to ensure a bountiful harvest. 

Growing potatoes in a 5-gallon bucket is a popular and space-saving method. Here’s how you can do it:

  • Preparation: Start by gathering your materials. You’ll need a 5-gallon bucket with drainage holes drilled in the bottom, seed potatoes (whole or cut into pieces with at least 2-3 eyes per piece), and a good quality potting mix.
  • Planting: Fill the bucket with 4-6 inches of potting mix. Place the seed potatoes on top, spacing them evenly. Cover the potatoes with 3-4 inches of potting mix.
  • Growing: Add more potting mix to cover the stems and leaves as the potato plants grow, encouraging the plants to produce more potatoes.
  • Watering: Keep the soil evenly moist but not saturated. Water the plants when the top inch of soil feels dry.
  • Sunlight: Place the bucket in a location that receives at least 6-8 hours of sunlight daily.
  • Fertilizing: Potatoes are heavy feeders, so consider adding a balanced fertilizer to the soil periodically to support growth.
  • Harvesting: Potatoes are ready to harvest when the plants turn yellow and die back. Carefully dump out the bucket to harvest your potatoes.
closeup of two green potato plants growing in outdoor pot in dark soil

Growing potatoes in containers can be fun and rewarding, as can enjoying fresh, homegrown spuds, even in a small space. In this article, we’ll cover the vital steps for how you, too, can produce some monstrous spuds in a small 5-gallon bucket, prepare your seed potatoes, and provide adequate care for your budding plants. 

Humble Highlights

  • Save time by choosing the right size container to grow healthy homegrown potatoes AND discover how to prep your seed potatoes for excellent growth potential so you can grow more in less space!
  • Discover how to irrigate and care for your spuds with these 4 crucial tips so you can manage your plants for a better, fun, and rewarding experience, offering a sense of accomplishment when you harvest your own homegrown potatoes.
  • Extend the shelf-life of your harvested potatoes with this simple curing process and uncover why essential storage is critical so you can enjoy your spuds long after the growing season has ended. 

Choosing The Right Bucket

When selecting a bucket for growing potatoes, it is crucial to choose a food-grade 5-gallon container with proper drainage holes to prevent waterlogging. Potatoes require good drainage to thrive, as waterlogged soil can lead to rot and poor growth. 

how do you plant potatoes in a 5 gallon bucket

You’ll want to ensure the bucket is at least 5-gallons in size to provide ample space for the potatoes to grow. Consider looking for old bird seed buckets as alternative options, and check for free bucket options from local plant nurseries or even on Craigslist.

For best growth, fill the bucket with about a 3-4 inch layer of soil mixed with organic fertilizer. Evenly place the seed potatoes on top of this soil layer before covering them with another several inches of soil. 1

Position the bucket in a sunny location to promote healthy growth. As the potatoes grow, add more soil to cover the stems and leaves once they reach a few inches in height. Once the potatoes are ready for harvest, tip the bucket over and collect your fresh produce.

Humble Tip:

When cultivating potatoes in a bucket, you can use its design for harvesting. As the spuds grow, they naturally form tubers along the buried stems. When it’s time to harvest, you can tip the bucket over and dump the soil and potatoes. 

Preparing The Seed Potatoes

For the best chances of successful potato growth in your 5-gallon bucket, the first crucial step is appropriately preparing the seed potatoes by choosing disease-free ones with sprouts and slicing them into pieces with 2-3 eyes each for planting.

how to plant seed potatoes in a 5 gallon bucket

Here are some important steps to prepare your seed potatoes:

  • Select Disease-Free Seed Potatoes: Choose healthy seed potatoes free from any signs of disease to ensure ideal growth.
  • Slice Potatoes with 2-3 Eyes: Carefully slice the seed potatoes into pieces, ensuring each piece has 2-3 eyes, as these are essential for sprouting.
  • Allow Potatoes to Scab Over: After slicing, allow the cut surfaces of the potatoes to dry and scab over for a day or two, which helps protect the potato from rotting once planted.
  • Plant Prepared Seed Potatoes: Once the seed potatoes have scabbed over, plant them in the soil inside your bucket, making sure each bucket has 2-3 seed potatoes covered with soil. 2

Planting And Watering Process

Drill drainage holes in the bottom of your 5-gallon bucket for proper water drainage for your potato plants. Start by filling the bucket with about 4-6 inches of soil. Lay the sprouting potatoes on top of the soil, spacing them evenly. Cover the potatoes with another 3-4 inches of soil, ensuring they’re completely buried. As the plants grow, add soil to cover the emerging sprouts until the top of the bucket has been reached. 

how to grow potatoes in a 5 gallon pail

When it comes to watering, maintain consistent moisture levels in the soil. Keep the soil damp but not waterlogged. Monitor the top layer of soil for moisture content and adjust your watering frequency accordingly. 3

Remember, potatoes require regular watering during the growing season to support their development. Overwatering can lead to rotting, so finding the right balance between your regional climate and weather is essential.

Proper seed potato preparation is essential for the successful growth of your potatoes in a bucket. Check out the short but informative video below on the crucial steps needed to produce an abundant potato crop in a 5-gallon bucket and discover just how easy and efficient this process can be. 

Caring For Growing Potatoes

For the best possible chance for optimal growth and health of your potato plants, regularly inspect the foliage for signs of pests or disease as they mature. If any issues are detected, prompt action and treatment are essential. Here are some care tips for growing potatoes in a bucket:

  • Mound up soil around potato stems to encourage tuber growth and prevent greening.
  • Avoid overwatering to prevent saturated, soggy soil that can promote rot and disease. 4
  • As they form, potatoes may peek above the soil’s surface. Keep them covered with soil to protect them from sunlight and prevent greening.
  • Harvest your potatoes when the plant dies back, indicating that tubers are mature and ready for harvest.
how to grow potatoes in a bucket indoors

Harvesting And Storage Tips

When harvesting and storing potatoes grown in a 5-gallon bucket, ensure proper handling and storage techniques to maintain freshness and quality. Harvest the potatoes two to three weeks after the plant dies back for the best flavor and texture. 

Once harvested, let the potatoes dry out before storage. Check for signs like peeling skin, indicating they should be consumed soon. Essential storage is vital to extend the shelf life of harvested potatoes. Stored correctly, your homegrown spuds can last through the winter. 5

Humble Tip:

Potatoes should be cured before long-term storage, just like field-grown potatoes. Curing allows the skins to thicken and heal, which helps them last longer in storage. 

After harvesting, brush off any excess dirt, but do not wash the potatoes. Place them in a cool, dark, and well-ventilated area for about two weeks to allow the skins to cure. Once cured, store the potatoes in a cool, dark place with good air circulation to prevent them from sprouting or rotting.


Growing potatoes in a 5-gallon bucket is a simple and efficient way to cultivate this popular and commonly cultivated backyard vegetable.

Following the steps outlined in this article, from selecting the right bucket to harvesting and storing your potatoes, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of fresh, flavorful spuds. You can quickly grow your potatoes at home with proper care and attention, even with limited space.

Have you cultivated your favorite potato variety from a 5-gallon bucket? We’d love to hear your story and your successful steps to reap an incredible harvest. Take a moment and drop a few words in the comment section below. 


  1. ResearchGate – The Effect Of Seed Size And Planting Depth On The Yield Of Seed Potatoes Grown From Minitubers
  2. Springer – Nutritional Requirements Of Potatoes
  3. North Carolina State University, Extension – Growing Potatoes In Your Home Garden
  4. University Of Nebraska-Lincoln, Institute Of Agriculture And Natural Resources – Potato Growth And Irrigation Scheduling
  5. University Of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, College Of Agricultural, Consumer & Environmental Sciences – Try Growing Potatoes This Spring: Boost your Storage Pantry Power

Sharing is caring!

Leave a Comment